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Titre: Oxidant/Antioxidant Status, Lipids and Hormonal Profile in Overweight Women with Breast Cancer
Auteur(s): Badid, Naima
Baba Ahmed, Fatima Zohra
Merzouk, Hafida
Belbraourt, Slimane
Mokhtari, Nassima
Merzouk, Sid Ahmed
Benhabib, Riad
Hamzaoui, Djalloul
Narce, Michel
Mots-clés: Breast cancer
Fatty acids
Oxidative stress
Date de publication: jui-2010
Editeur: University of Tlemcen
Résumé: This study was carried out to determine the relationships between leptin concentrations, lipid alterations, oxidant/ antioxidant status, in vitro LDL oxidizability and LDL-fatty acid composition in overweight breast cancer patients. Glucose, insulin, leptin, lipids, LDL-cholesteryl ester fatty acids, markers of oxidant status (MDA, Hydroperoxides,carbonyl proteins, conjugated dienes) and markers of antioxidant status (vitamins A, C, E, erythrocyte activities of the enzymes superoxide dismutase, SOD, catalase, glutathione peroxidase,GPx, and glutathione reductase, GR and the serum total antioxidant status, ORAC) were investigated in breast cancer patients and in control women. Our findings showed that insulin, leptin, triglyceride, cholesterol and LDL-C concentrations were increased in patients compared to controls. ORAC and vitamin C and E values were lower while plasma hydroperoxide, carbonyl protein and conjugated diene levels, SOD and GPx activities were higher than in controls. Alterations in LDL-fatty acid composition were associated with their enhanced oxidative susceptibility. There were significant positive correlations between leptin concentrations and LDL-C, hydroperoxides, carbonyl proteins, SOD activity, baseline conjugated diene levels and oxidation rate, and significant negative correlations between leptin and ORAC, lag time and LDL-PUFA in patients. In conclusion, breast cancer is associated with lipid alterations and enhanced oxidative stress linked to high leptin levels in overweight.
ISSN: 1532-2807
Collection(s) :Articles internationaux

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