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Titre: The oldest African bat from the early Eocene of El Kohol (Algeria)
Auteur(s): RAVEL, Anthony
MARIVAUX, Laurent
TABUCE, Rodolphe
ADACI, Mohammed
MAHBOUBI, Mohammed
MEBROUK, Fateh
BENSALAH, Mustapha
Mots-clés: Chiroptera
Early Eocene
Africa
Algeria
Date de publication: mai-2011
Résumé: The Afro-Arabian Paleogene fossil record of Chiroptera is very poor. In North Africa and Arabia, this record is limited, thus far, to a few localities mainly in Tunisia (Chambi, late early Eocene), Egypt (Fayum, late Eocene to early Oligocene), and Sultanate of Oman (Taqah, early Oligocene). It consists primarily of isolated teeth or mandible fragments. Interestingly, these African fossil bats document two modern groups (Vespertilionoidea and Rhinolophoidea) from the early Eocene, while the bat fossil record of the same epoch of North America, Eurasia, and Australia principally includes members of the “Eochiroptera.” This paraphyletic group contains all primitive microbats excluding modern families. In Algeria, the region of Brezina, southeast of the Atlas Mountains, is famous for the early Eocene El Kohol Formation, which has yielded one of the earliest mammalian faunas of the African landmass. Recent fieldwork in the same area has led to the discovery of a new vertebrate locality, including isolated teeth of Chiroptera. These fossils represent the oldest occurrence of Chiroptera in Africa, thus extending back the record of the group to the middle early Eocene (Ypresian) on that continent. The material consists of an upper molar and two fragments of lower molars. The dental character association matches that of “Eochiroptera.” As such, although very fragmentary, the material testifies to the first occurrence of “Eochiroptera” in Algeria, and by extension in Africa. This discovery demonstrates that this basal group of Chiroptera had a worldwide distribution during the early Paleogene.
Description: Naturwissenschaften , ISSN : 0028-1042, DOI : 10.1007/s00114-011-0785-0, Issue : 5, Volume : 98, pp. 397-405,May 2011.
URI/URL: http://dspace.univ-tlemcen.dz/handle/112/1850
ISSN: 0028-1042
Collection(s) :Articles internationaux

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